What is Server? How to How To Choose The Right One?

What is Server ?


A server is a computer program that provides data to other program. It may serve to Local Area Network(LAN) or wide Area Network(WAN).

What does a server do?

Number of servers  used for multiple purpose depends on the need and requirement. Like web server serves web pages requested by client to display information, game server to connect gaming users from remote locations of the world, a mail server uses the SMTP protocol to send and receive emails from users and so on. Each server has different functionality and role over the internet. So let discuss types of server and their functionality.

Types of servers

Every server has different purpose and they are categorised according to their needs.  They can be used to collect data and transmission, for hosting websites and other client applications. A web server servers requested HTML pages or any other web extension. The program that is requesting web content is called a client.

Known servers are:

1. FTP Server

File transfer Protocol is responsible for transferring files from server to computer and vice versa. FTP servers is the oldest server. Filezilla, Cyberduck, Cerberus are one of the most popular popular softwares used to upload/transfer files on server.

2.Proxy Servers

In computer networks, a proxy server is responsible for connection between a client and an external server. It acts as an intermediary to entertain the request for connection, performance enhancement and accessibility. Hidester, hide.me, ProxySite are famous proxy servers.

3.Online Gaming Server

Gaming servers are servers that are used to host games. They have gained a lot of popularity within few years. They connect gaming users from all over the world. Games like Counter Strike, MMO(Massive Multiplayer Online) , Xbox Live | Xbox are famous example of games which are connected through gaming servers.

4.Web servers

Web servers are responsible for hosting websites and serving all the requests from client side. After this it loads a web page and browser is responsible for displaying as one complete page.

5-Application Servers

Application servers is a  framework which is component-based that resides in the middle-tier of server architecture and provides both the facilities to create web applications and a server environment to run them.  Security services and main maintenance is provided by application server.

6-List Servers

A server which manages mailing list of users and  enhance the functionality and management. Daily mails, newsletters, announcements , advertising through email marketing are few examples.

7-Chat Servers

A chat server is a server which is used to handle queries and information shared while chatting on internet.

8-IRC Servers

IRC servers is an example of chat server which is comprised of various independent networks networks. This allows to connect with each other and share real-time data.

9-Groupware Servers

It enables users to work together at remote locations through internet in a virtual environment.

11-Mail Servers

A mail server is a server which is used to send/receive mails, store them and fetch data whenever required. Gmail, ymail,hotmail are very famous example.

12-Virtual Server

A virtual server is a shared server where everyone has complete control on it. This is because of its configurations and ease of using it.

13- Blade Server

A blade server or Server Blade is server housing multiple thin, modular electronic circuit boards owning its own rights and dedicated to a single application. It is cost-efficient, slim and less power consuming and is very high performing server.

How to choose the right server?

Choosing the right server is a very important decision which should be taken wisely considering all the factors, including virtual machine and container consolidation. Company providers name and reputation also matters, because they are the one who will be responsible for maintenance and services. So each and every thing should be considered.
Now lets see what are the factors to while choosing the right server:


This is the first criteria while choosing because number of intruders attack on servers every day, so its should be very secure.


Detection and recovery features, data encryption to protect data, log files to record all activity, how much uptime a server is giving comes under maintenance.

Disk Space

How much internal storage is being provided, the choice of disk types and capacity, how fast they’ll be performing under pressure is also important. It can have significant impact while giving inputs/output.


Hardware used also plays a vital role because the demands on server can increase anytime. A server have one of more fast performing fast hard drives or SSD’s that can perform quick actions.

There are other factors too which we will discuss later on.

What is Web Hosting?

Web Hosting Or Website Hosting Or Site Hosting

Web Hosting or Website Hosting is the service of providing space and maintaining website on the internet.

This is exactly like your house. If you want to build a house you need to purchase land and pay amount for that land. So the space on SERVER is purchased to launch your website.

The space for hosting a website is provided by the Web Hosting Companies which use advance and very fast servers(high-powered computers) so that your website is loaded within few seconds.

When someone enters your website url(domain name), the internet connects to the server and then server responds to requests and transfers your website files and information back from where the request was made. This process is very quick and only takes few milli seconds to respond. Loading Speed also depends on type of servers you have purchased and web hosting companies who are providing these services.

The better the servers are better will be your websites loading time. People spent thousands of dollars to optimise their website speed so that user experience is not spoiled. After all, who wants a website who is taking several minutes for loading and not providing the information.

Now let’s discuss

What is the difference between domains vs hosting vs website?

The three basic parts that make a web site is :

  1. The domain name
  2. The web-hosting, or server
  3. The website files themselves

1.The Domain Name

A Domain name is the name of your website which is used as an address where internet users can access your website. This is exactly like your physical address which is used to reach at your place.

These are easy-to-remember words that we can use to communicate to a DNS server the website we want to visit.

Computers communicate with each other by IP addresses to establish connection.

This is like humans tells their house address to xxx person. In a similar way domain tells people ABC is hosted on the server xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx  

2.The Web Hosting 

Lets repeat the definition again so that you can recall and remember what is web hosting. It is the service of providing space and maintaining website on the internet.

The web hosting company service provider makes it easy to host your site on server. You can install framework applications through cPanel. Without hosting services, you won’t have a place for your files.

3.The Website Files themselves

The website files are same as you have in your pc containing .exe files, .mp3 files etc. Website files vary due to different technology used to built them. .Php, .asp net, .html are extensions which are recognised world wide servers. Every web page sends a request to server and then server recognises the web file format and transfers the data back to browser.

So this is how it goes when someone enter your domain name, which requests server to send your files, which then browser represents to them as a typical “web-page”.

What Is Domain Name?

what is domain name

Domain Name

A Domain name is the name of your website which is used as an address where internet users can access your website. This is exactly like your physical address which is used to reach at your place.

These are easy-to-remember words that we can use to communicate to a DNS server the website we want to visit.

It is used for identifying IP addresses of your laptops, PC’s and much more. A domain is hosted with  hosting companies like Godaddy, Bluehost, Hostgator etc.

Domain names are kept according to your business need or whatever you like. But we suggest you to keep simple and professional names which will benefit you in future.

It can be any combination of letter and numbers, or all numbers which is famous amongst Chinese. Keep it simple and easy to remember.

How Domain Names Are Spelled​​ ?

Domain names are organised from right to left. Like you have a full name which consists of First Name and Last Name similarly they also have first name and last name.
The Top-Level-Domain or TLD or Parent Domain is to the right of domain name, then comes the Mid-level Domain which are in the middle and at last I.e to the left is “www” which stand for world wide web. All of this are combined and then spelled together as One Domain Name.

So let clear this with an example:

* Netflux is the mid-level domain

.co.in  or .in is the Top-level Domain

“www” is the Machine name    

World Wide .com is the most preferred TOP-level Domain and these day three letter mid-level domains are chosen and are very tough to get.

Why you need a Domain?

Your domain name is your identity through which internet users will recognise you. If you want your presence on internet then getting domain name is a must.

Register your business/organisation from a trusted domain provider and host your website.

Having  a domain, website and an email address gives a impact on your client.  It helps you to build a brand name, allows you to have copyright laws for all your content and much more.

Examples of Internet Domain Names

To give more clarity gere are several examples of what’s meant by a “domain name:” 

Do read our article on How to choose perfect Domain so that you don’t make mistakes and use those tips to get an awesome domain

How to Make a Website Using WordPress


Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

A step by step guide for creating a website, we have decided to create the most comprehensive guide on how to make a website using WordPress or  create a blog without any technical knowledge.

Whether you are 16 or 60, it doesn’t matter, wordpress is so simple that anyone can use it. If you still face any problem don’t worry we are there to help you.

So this is a step by step guide for using WordPress and building your own website or a blog. Lets discuss the difference between a website and a blog.


A site or website is a collection of various web pages that all related to each other and includes multimedia content. It is commonly identified with a domain name and published on at least one web server.  A website is accessed by using a browser. For example, the Netflux website address url is https://www.netflux.co.in
If you will enter this url in browser our website will open.


A regularly updated web page which contains articles maintained by an individual or group of people is referred to blog. In previous year this was the definition given to a blog. But time has changed and a blog is not more then a web page of articles but it has expanded a lot over the certain period of years.

Now let us discuss about WordPress

Click Here to Get Your WordPress Blog Setup!

What Is WordPress?

WordPress is an online, open source Content Management System (CMS) platform built with php. It allows users to build static as well as dynamic website or blog without any coding knowledge. If you have coding knowledge then its a plus point.   WordPress is the most popular and powerful platform on the web which is loved by millions of users.

According to Forbes  it is used by nearly 75 million websites. According to WordPress, more than 409 million people view more than 23.6 billion pages each month and users produce 69.5 million new posts and 46.8 million new comments every month. It also powers more than 25% of the world’s websites.

So now you can well imagine why WordPress lovers are increasing day by day every minute while you are reading the article.

Users of WordPress or Who uses WordPress ?

Stats share by Forbes can easily tell the number of users Who Uses WordPress and if you see WordPress is being used by your company, then you can imagine its power. There are many famous blogs, news agencies, famous artists who use WordPress Platform to make their presence online. Its easy to use and manage, takes very less time to get started.

Blogs like TechCrunch, Mashable, ShoutMeLoud, The New York Times’ blog are on WordPress. Even Our Own website Netflux Proton is on WordPress too.
You can check the WordPress site showcase to see the number of well-known sites using WordPress as their primary platform to create websites and blogs.

Why WordPress Over Other Platform?


Let us have a brief knowledge about other platforms too so that you can get an idea what they are and how they are used to make website and why we prefer to make a website using WordPress.

WordPress , Joomla, Drupal and Majento are all open source and free software. All of them are custom CMS based coded in PHP. WordPress is supported by MYSQL database whereas Drupal and Joomla are backed by other database management systems. All of them have their own themes, plugins and community users.

We will discuss later on their similarities and other necessary information in detail.


WordPress is quick and easy to use with guaranteed less then 10 mins install. Hosting Providers offer WordPress hosting to give you a powerful performance if you are planning to create a website using WordPress.

If we talk about user experience which is the most important thing, WordPress is far better than Joomla or Drupal. All the options are clearly visible and in case you get messed up you can find plenty of sites who can guide you to do things in a correct way.


It has very good features and is highly customisable and there is no doubt in it. Joomla is built on a model-view-controller (MVC) web application framework. Installation steps for Joomla is pretty much similar but after installing control panel is opened which looks totally different from WordPress. There are multiple clicks and steps, few confusing stuff which is not good for a beginner.


Drupal is another free open source CMS written in PHP. It provides back-end framework for at least 2.3% of all web site worldwide which includes all categories of websites like corporate, blogs, data management sites etc.

Its installation is similar to WordPress and Joomla with quick and easy steps. It offers pre-packaged bundles with modules and configurations for creating specific kind of website. When it comes to customisation beginners has to scratch their head little bit. Its a little complex for new comers.


Well if you are a beginner in building a website, then Magento is not for you. Majento is an open source CMS but it is an e-commerce platform with dedicated features. Its clean, highly versatile and most of the e-commerce websites are built using Magento. Top Class MNC’s, big corporate brands use Magento because of its robust features.

It offers functionality that gives flexibility to set up online stores the way users want. Generating bills, cart options, payment gateway, generating reports, customer panel with multiple options and functionality are its common features.

So for a starter in building website using WordPress is much much better option.  Once you master it you can learn new platforms easily and whenever you want and our best wishes are with you.

So overall we would prefer you to go with WordPress. If you like exploring then you can explore Joomla, Drupal and Magento.

How to get started with WordPress?

Well as mentioned above WordPress is an open source and it is free. Yes !!!! You have read this correctly, worlds biggest platform is 100 % free. It can be downloaded and installed from WordPress.org. For that you need a domain name and hosting for that or else you can also use their free self hosted service via WordPress.com

We would prefer to purchase a domain name and web hosting.

So, Lets get started today and start creating your own website using WordPress.